There are several different reasons for residential land surveys. It can be beneficial to know the difference between the different types, so you can choose a professional surveyor who can best meet your needs. You will choose the type of survey based on the reason it is needed. Here are three common types of residential land surveys.
A Boundary Survey
This type is requested when the property boundaries need to be identified or established. Corners can be located, and a drawing created to show the details of the boundaries as well as the location of permanent structures, possible encroachments, or above ground utilities on the property. Usually, surveyors will use markers like pipes, concrete monuments or iron rods to identify the boundaries. These are more permanent and are not likely to be changed or destroyed.
A Topographical Survey
Surveying residential property may require more than just identifying structures and property lines. Perhaps you need to know the elevation points. Topographical surveys measure the elevation points and use contour lines on a map to indicate the various elevations on the land. This information is useful if the owner decides they want to construct a new structure on their property.
A Mortgage Survey
A lender may request a land survey before they will grant a loan or mortgage. The primary purpose of this type is to locate structures on the property. Also, it will note driveways, fences, utility access and any encroachments. Basically, it notes areas that potentially increase a risk factor for the lender.
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