Multi Axis Turning Defined and the Process Explained

What is Multi Axis Turning?

Multi axis turning is advanced equipment that provides six face machining capabilities. This machine is capable of boring, drilling, milling, reaming, turning, broaching, deep hole drilling, hobbing, and shaping. What exactly is turning? Turning is a certain process of machining that involves a tool for cutting which will move more or sometimes less linearly as the product piece rotates. The tool’s axes can be an array of movement such as a specific set of curves and/or angles, or straight lines. Boring is done when this cutting action is applied to the internal surfaces, which results in a hole of one kind or another.

How is Multi Axis Turning Done?

Multi Axis turning can be done by hand by human labor in the traditional form of lathe (a machine tool which rotates the products on its axis). However, this regular method requires constant operator supervision and thus does not allot for a company to save money. However, with today’s technological advances, multi axis turning can be completed with an automated version of the lathe that does not require operator supervision. This type of automatic machining is known as CNC, or computer numerical control, and it is the process which is now most commonly used.

What is the Process?

The process is of a complex nature, however it primarily consists of a section of material (which is typically a type of rigid material) such as wood, plastic, stone, or metal, and this material is rotated around and a tool for cutting is moved across and along one, two, or three axes of motion. By doing this, it produces exact diameters and depths. This process of turning is used to produce tubular components along with other various geometries. The turning processes are carried out on a lathe, and a lathe can be of four different types. Each type can produce different shapes such as straight, conical, or curved. Each type has an optimum set of angles and tools which are why only certain shapes can be produced through certain types.

Multi axis turning with automatic tool changers bring a new innovative procedure to the manufacturing world, as it allows manufacturing to go on without operators, meaning faster turn around time and more parts being produced.

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